Historically, the Iranian Parthian kingdom was formed by the Arsacid dynasty of Parnia, who conquered the Seleukid satrapy of … The Parthian Empire (247 BC - 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Persia. The first king of the Parthians (as the Parni were called from now on) was Tiridates' brother Arsaces I. such as Arsaces' father, Phriapites, whose name was derived from Avestan * Friya pitā ("father-lover"). Arsaces I là vị vua khai quốc của nhà Arsaces ở thế kỉ thứ III TCN, và sau này có khoảng 30 vị vua của VÆ°Æ¡ng quốc Arsaces chính thức mang tên nhÆ° vậy.. Thông tin về Arsaces I có được do những nguồn không chính thức của người Hy Lạp và La Mã và đều từ huyền thoại Arsaces (Arrian i, … This particular Arsaces was the sixth of the line of independent Parthian rulers which had been founded in 250 B.C. At the time of its conquest the province was in rebellion against the Seleucids. [5] 238/12 between Seleucus and Antiochus, to expand his control over Parthia. He overthrows the Seleucid governor of Parthia in 238 BC and establishes a nation that lasts for almost 500 years. His short reign ended abruptly when he died during a battle against the Yuezhi in the east. The Parthian Empire, also known as the Arsacid empire, became a world power in 247 B.C. Three years later, a Parnian leader named Tiridates ventured further south and seized the rest of Parthia. [2] [3] [4] It should be noted, however, that there is no agreement among classical sources regarding his origins, and doubt about the accuracy of classical and traditional sources on the matter. Arsaces II died in 191 BC and was succeeded by Phriapatius. A counter-offensive by king Seleucus ended in disaster, and Hyrcania was also subdued by the Parni. Most scholars now believe that Arsaces was a chief of the Parni, a Dahae tribe who conquered Parthia shortly before Diodotus’ revolt. Thermusa, Arsaces’ stepmother and the Queen of Parthia, wants to avenge her son Vonones who was killed by Arsaces for treason. Wanting Parthia back, the Seleucid ruler Antiochus III would retake it in 209 BCE. - Arsaces XIII Mithridates I (King) of MEDIA -- poss. (The road from Media through Parthia to Margiana is the famous Silk road.) Its latter name comes from Arsaces I of Parthiawho, as leader of the Parni tribe, founded it in the mid-3rd century BC when he conquered the Parthia region in Iran's northeast, then a satrapy (province) in rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. Vardanes and his officer, Lysias, decide to use Thermusa’s vengeance to destroy Arsaces. Due to a confusion of names, the line of succession is equally unclear. Arsaces I, the Parni tribe's leader, began its rise to dominance by conquering the northeast region of Iran. i. According to Parthian custom, the reigning ruler had to be succeeded by his own son. Before Arsaces I of Parthia founded the Arsacid Dynasty, he was chieftain of the Parni, an ancient Central-Asian tribe of Iranian peoples and one of several nomadic tribes within the confederation of the Dahae. pronouncekiwi - … Parthia Is supposed to have been originally a province of Media, on its eastern side, which was raised into a distinct kingdom by Arsaces, B. C. 250. Arsaces I: King of Parthia 217–191 BC (Seleucid vassal 209–191 BC) Succeeded by Priapatius (Arshak) Born: ? The borders of Parthia were the Kopet Dag mountain range in the north (today the border between Iran and Turkmenistan) and the Dasht-e Kavir desert in the south. It has also been influenced and shaped by successive waves of invaders and settlers, and now blends Persian, Hellenistic and local cultures into a single, Parthian, whole. It soon extended itself over a great part of the ancient Persian Empire, and is frequently put for that empire in Scripture, and other ancient writings. Persian Parthia is a formable nation that can be created by a Scythian culture group country that takes control of the Parthian region. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Arsaces I of Parthia on pronouncekiwi. Mithridates was the son of Priapatius, the great-nephew of the first Arsacid king, Arsaces I (r. 247–217 BC). Arsaces I of Parthia and Arses of Persia are connected through King of Kings, Justin (historian), Old Persian and more.. According to the 2nd-century Roman historian Justin, Phraates I had mad… 12) and the second the governor of Parthia who was crushed by Arsaces I (xli. After the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, the satrapy of Parthia, northeastern Iran, was governed by the Seleucid kings: a Macedonian dynasty that ruled in the Asian territories of the former Persian Empire. His capital was Hecatompylus. The founder of the Parthian dynasty which assumes the leadership of this take-over is Arsaces. Parthia - a country to the east of Persia; home of the Arsacid kings → Wikipedia entry + Parthi , Parthian , Parthians 307/18 Seleucus conquers the Parthians. Origins (اشکانیان) Our sources on the ancestry of the eponymous founder of the dynasty, Arsaces, vary irreconcilably. Areas of eastern Iran and the Seleucid satrapy of Parthia are gradually liberated from Greek rule by tribesmen from the Iranian Plateau. Arsaces I (King) of PARTHIA. Subject then to which genealogy is followed (neither is epigraphically assured), Artabanus … HM George I's 61-Great Grandfather. Artabanus I ( Parthian: 𐭍𐭐𐭕𐭓 Ardawān ), incorrectly known in older scholarship as Artabanus II, was king of the Parthian Empire, ruling briefly from c. 127 to 124/3 BC. 217 BC. Antiochus occupied Parthia's capital at Hecatompylus, then pushed into Hyrcania before Arsaces II recognized Seleucid authority. Strabo str (c 63/64 BCE - 24 CE) in 11.9.2 of his Geography states that Arshak (Arsaces) was not native to Parthia but a member of the Parni Dahi, a Saka group: "Arsaces, a Sacae, (with the Parni, called nomads, a tribe of the Dahæ, who live on the banks of the Ochus***), invaded Parthia, and made himself master of it. Arsaces himself was probably born and raised in Parthia… Mithridates had several brothers, including Artabanus and his older brother Phraates I, the latter succeeding their father in 176 BC as the Parthian king. The Greco-Bactrian Kingdom (256 BC–125 BC) seceded from the Seleucid Empire. Artabanus's uncle, Arsaces I, had founded the dynasty around 247 BC. Knowing the Seleucids were distracted, and Andragorus was weak, Arsaces (r. 247-217 BCE), Parthia’s first king, conquered Parthia. The reverse shows the seated archer, or occasionally an elephant; the head of the king is beardless and wears a helmet and a diadem; only from the third or fourth king they begin to wear a beard after the … Parthia was led by the Arsacid dynasty, who reunited and ruled over the Iranian plateau, taking over the eastern provinces of the Greek Seleucid Empire, beginning in the late 3rd century BC, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 150 BC and 224 AD. Alexander the Great (l. 356-323 BCE) had conquered the Achaemenid Persian Empire by 330 BCE and, after his death, his generals were left with an immense realm which encompassed Greece, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Egypt, the Levant, and Central Asia. Arsaces I of Parthia. 2-Great Grandchildren: Antiochus III (King) of COMMAGENE ; Iotape KOMMAGENENSIS ; Caius Julius ARTAVAZDES (Prince) of ATROPATENE ; Vonones II ARSHAKUNI (King) of PARTHIA After a power struggle, they divided it between themselves with Cassander taking Greece, Ptolemy I Soter Egypt, Lysimachus Thrace and Anatolia, Antigonus – who had held Anat… Arsaces’ concept of government was, in fact, very distant from the Hellenistic monarchic idea and can better be likened to the ideology of the early Kushans, who, like the Arsacids, had arrived from the steppes and started a powerful state in 247/10 The Parthians gain independence from Seleucid rule. By this time Arsaces’ son, Arsaces II (r. 217-191 BCE) was on the throne. HRE Ferdinand I's 57-Great Grandfather. Arsaces I. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Soon afterwards Antiochus was defeated by the Romans, which severely weakened the Seleucids and allowed Parthia to maintain its freedom from the Seleucids. Sign in to disable ALL ads. by Arsaces I, who revolted from Antiochus Theos, killed the Syrian satraps, and with his successor Tiridates I firmly established the independence of the Parthian kingdom. The Parni most likely spoke an eastern Iranian language, in contrast to the northwestern Iranian languag… Bilit ASHI'ABATUM His (poss.) 4. There were two rulers of Parthia named Andragoras mentioned by Justin, one of them Alexander the Great's satrap of Parthia (xii. Meanwhile, Evanthe, whose father, King Bethas, has been imprisoned, is in love with Arsaces. Mithridates I of Parthia conquered many of their lands. Died: abt. 4. In 247 BC, Arsaces, leader of a Scythian group in Central Asia called the Parni (a branch of the Dahae) is crowned king. ARSACIDS. 247/11 Arsaces is proclaimed king of the Parthians. ς, Persian: ارشک ‎ ArÅ¡ak) was the founder of the Arsacid dynasty, and after whom all 30+ monarchs of the Arsacid empire officially named themselves. Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD) was founded by Arsaces I of Parthia, who led the Parni tribe (an Iranian people) from the region of Parthia. In 245 BC, when the Seleucids were involved in the Laodicean War in the West, a satrap named Andragoras revolted from the young Seleucid king Seleucus II Callinicus, who had just … Under a new Persian noble ruler Arsaces of the Parni, Parthia is a country built from tribal fiefdoms. Portrait Name Title(s) Succession & notes Reign Death Arsaces I 𐭀𐭓𐭔𐭊 (ArÅ¡ak)King, … To Arsaces I. probably belong the earliest Parthian coins; the oldest simply bear the name Arsaces; others, evidently struck after the coronation in Asaak, have the royal title (βασιλέως Ἀρσάκου). Arsaces I may then have been directly succeeded by his brother Tiridates I, who however - like all other Arsacid dynasts also - adopted the name Arsaces upon his coronation. In the west was Media, in the northwest Hyrcania, in the northeast Margiana, in the east Aria. Vardanes, the brother of Gotarzes and Arsaces, is jealous of Arsaces' marital successes. However, Phraates I broke tradition and appointed his own brother Mithridates as his successor.